What is Lower Leg Pain?
Coming on to the next category of leg pain, which is the lower leg region or the calves that do affect many people across the world. Our lower half of the leg, also known as the calf consists of two distinct muscles – the gastrocnemius and the soleus muscle.
Any kind of disruption in the activity of these muscles could end up causing pain and discomfort.
Lower Leg Pain Symptoms
The common symptoms that are often associated with calf pain include:
- Swelling and inflammation around the calf region
- Discoloration of the skin around the calf
- Tingling or numbing feeling around the calf region
- Fluid retention around the calf
- Redness or even tenderness around the calf
These are often common and general symptoms.
Lower Leg Muscles Anatomy
Both gastrocnemius and the soleus muscles coincide and meet at the Achilles tendon from where they are again directly attached to the heel and are responsible for the majority of our leg and foot motions in the body.
Calf Leg Pain Causes
The pain is often varying from person to person depending on the cause behind it. It can very well be something that starts out as a dull and aching pain to something very sharp and piercing if the condition worsens over time.
Let us take a look at some main causes behind the acute and the chronic calf pain, shall we?
Acute calf pain causes
- Muscle sprain
- Injury in the calf
- Ligament Tear
- Calf muscle cramp
- Fracture of the lower leg bone
Chronic calf pain causes
- Calf muscle contusion
- Soleus muscle tear and fatigue
- Plantaris muscle rupture
- A blood clot in the vessels around the calf and lower leg region
- Baker’s cyst
- Nerve entrapment
- Popliteal tendinitis
- Bone infection
- Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Compartment syndrome
Lower Leg Pain Emergencies
With the causes aside, it is time to focus on some alarming red flag symptoms that require for you to consult a doctor without a second doubt to it. You technically might not realize this but taking these symptoms for granted can definitely have quite a lot of negative impacts on your overall health.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned down below, consult a doctor immediately.
- Lack of mobility around in the leg on the affected side
- An injury that results in drastic deformity of the leg
- Constant sharp shooting pain around the calf which intensified during the night
- Pain that gets worse with days
- Swelling around the calf region or the joints around the ankle
- Fever and signs of infection.
Without knowing much about your overall medical history, the best advice I can give is for you to call the ambulance or visit the nearest hospital.