Groin area is often times considered to be one of the most common areas of leg pain.
The pain could very well be present and persistent depending on the reason behind the same. As mentioned before, in the article ‘Why Do My Legs Ache?’, the causes behind the pain could be extensive.
Technically, even though there is not much scientific reasoning behind the same, groin area pain has been found to affect men more in comparison to women.
Additionally, it is often seen at a heightened rate in athletes or people who tend to indulge more in physical activities.
Groin pain is often witnessed to worsen when one tries and overworks the injury, making it worse to endure and experience.
There could be a plethora of reasons behind groin pain – some chronic and some acute. In order to make it easier for you to understand, I am going to categorize them based on the differences based on pain intensity.
Acute or Severe Groin Pain Causes
Causes for ‘acute’, in other words, sudden and severe pain in the groin area are following.
- Injury to the bone or fracture around the groin, e.g. Hip Fracture
- Muscle strain and sprains
- The strain on the ligaments or tendons around the groin
- Hernia (inguinal hernia, femoral hernia or sports hernia)
It is well suggested to consult your doctor if your experience ‘acute’ or severe.
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Chronic groin pain causes
Causes for ‘chronic’, in other words, dull pain, arising time to time, which you have experienced over last few weeks and months in the groin areas are following.
- Pulled muscle from a change to your activities (for example, side by side movements while running)
- Hernia (inguinal or femoral hernia)
- Kidney stones
- Intestinal inflammation, e.g. Diverticulitis
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Pinched nerves, e.g. lumbar radiculopathy
- Urinary tract infections (UTI)
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Osteoarthritis around the hip, e.g. Femoral Acetabular Impingement, Hip Labrum Tear
- Piriformis syndrome
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
- Osteitis Pubis
- Piriformis syndrome
You should consult your doctor if the pain persists and gets worse over time.
Groin Pain Causes in Men
In addition to the above causes applicable to both male and female, the below causes can be associated with only men.
- Testicular torsion
- Testicular cancer
- Retractile testicle
- Scrotal masses
Causes of Groin Pain in Females
In addition to the above causes applicable to both male and female, the below causes can be associated with only women.
- Menstruation or Ovulation
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Uterine fibroids
- Ectopic pregnancy
Red Flag Symptoms of Groin Pain
With the causes aside, it is time to focus on some of the symptoms of this condition that indicate urgent and immediate doctor’s attention. With some, even visit the hospital for investigation is highly recommended.
Key red flag groin symptoms are below:
- If the pain is dissipating and is connected to the lower back pain, abdomen (tummy) or associated with chest pain.
- If you are feeling a constant sharp pain in the testicles.
- Inflammation around the groin accompanied by unwanted fluid discharge require immediate medical attention.
- The feeling of dizziness and nausea further makes in with the pain
- Groin pain that gets worse and doesn’t subside with time
- Presence of lump around the testicle
- Swelling or bulging in groin area
- Discharge of blood in the urine
- In addition to pain, you also experience fever, nausea, diarrhoea or vomiting.